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NEW JERSEY
A Guide To Its Present And Past

Compiled and Written by the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of New Jersey

American Guide Series

Originally published in 1939
Some of this information may no longer be current and in that case is presented for historical interest only.

Edited by GET NJ, COPYRIGHT 2002

The State At A Glance

Railroads:
Pennsylvania (Pennsy) ; Delaware, Lackawanna and Western (Lackawanna) ; Central Railroad of New Jersey (Jersey Central) ; Erie; Lehigh Valley; West Shore; Baltimore and Ohio (B & 0); and Reading serve important points. Hudson and Manhattan R.R. (the Tubes) between Newark, Jersey City, Hoboken, and New York. Bus Lines: Interstate: Greyhound, Public Service, Pan-American, Martz, Safeway Trailways, Golden Arrow, Champlain, Edwards, De Camp, Garden State, Jersey Central-Reading Transportation, and others. Intrastate: Public Service and many small independent lines connecting principal towns and cities.

Steamship Lines:
Jersey City: Dollar Line, "Round the World"; American Export, to Mediterranean ports; American- Scantic Lines, to Scandinavia, Poland, Russia; Moormack, to South America. Hoboken: Gdynia-American, to Poland, Denmark, West Indies, Bermuda; Holland-America, to Europe, Cuba, Mexico; Cosulich, to Mediterranean and Adriatic ports; Red Star, to Belgium; Lamport and Holt, to South America. Airlines: Newark: terminal of Transcontinental & Western Air, United Airlines, Eastern Airlines, and American Airlines. Camden: airport for Philadelphia, terminal of United Airlines (western route), Transcontinental & Western Air, Eastern Airlines, and American Airlines. Highways: Ten Federal highways, including US 1 from Canada to Miami and US 30 from Atlantic City to Astoria, Ore. All State and U. S. routes patrolled by State police. Gasoline tax 4

Traffic Regulations:
Speed Limits: 40 m.p.h. on open highway, 15 approaching intersections; 20 in residential and business districts; unless posted otherwise, 15 in town and city districts not controlled by lights or traffic officers; io in all school or other restricted districts. General Rules of the Road: Driver approaching intersection from right has right-of-way. No turn may be made at a red light, unless indicated by a green arrow or sign. Vehicles must stop at least 10 ft. in rear of streetcars stopped for receiving or discharging passengers except at established safety zone. Trol- ley cars may be passed on R. only, except on one-way streets. Vehicles operating on roads with clearly marked lanes must keep R., using center lanes for passing only. No passing at intersections, on hills, curves, or other places where view is obstructed for minimum of 500 ft. Ambulances, fire engines, and police cars have right-of-way at all times. Two braking systems, each operating on two wheels, required. Headlights and taillights must be lit from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise. Nonresident may operate car without permit within the State for period reciprocally agreed upon by State of residence and New Jersey. Motorist involved in accident must wait until police appear, and report to them; or report to State police. Telephone operator will give direct connection. Trailers subject to restriction by local ordinances. Prohibited: Parking on paved portion of highway or on any part of road unless a r5-ft. passage is left for other vehicles, with view of 200 ft. each way. Parking within 25 ft. of intersection, or within 50 ft. of stop sign, or within 10 ft. of fire hydrant.

State Police Substations:
Absecon Newton
Berlin Penn's Neck
Cape May Court House Pompton Lakes
Columbus Port Norris
Farmingdale Scotch Plains
Flemington Somerville
Hightstown Teaneck
Keyport Toms River
Malaga Washington
Mantua Woodbridge
Milltown Woodstown
Netcong

Accommodations:
Good hotels in larger cities. Many fine hotels at coast and lake resorts, open in season. Tourist homes, small hotels, and dining accommodations in nearly all towns.

Liquor Laws:
Hours and days of sale and other regulations fixed by cities and towns. Package goods sold in saloons, grocery stores, drug stores, delicatessens, and similar places.

Climate and Equipment:
Topcoats or wraps should supplement summer wardrobe at seashore, mountain, and lake resorts. Otherwise, seasonable wardrobe will suffice. Occasional fogs in spring and fall along the shore and lowlands. Moderate snowfall usually, but main highways are always kept open.

Poisonous Reptiles and Plants:
Rattlesnakes and copperheads, while not common, are found in the northern mountains and in the pinelands of the south and central areas. Poison ivy and poison sumac are common.

Information:
The State department of conservation and development, Trenton, N. J., provides leaflets and other information on State parks and forests. Excellent maps are sold by the department at nominal prices (write for list) ; of especial value are the atlas sheets, 27 by 37 in., covering the State with 37 maps on a scale of 1 m. to the in. (50 each). Bureaus of information on New Jersey travel and vacation resorts are maintained by the Newark Evening News and Newark Sunday Call.

Recreational Areas:
New Jersey has 120 miles of ocean front along the Atlantic Coast and, behind it, many inlets and bays with ideal conditions for yachting and fishing. There are more than 4o beaches, patrolled by lifeguards. In most of the larger resorts the beach front is controlled by the municipality, private individuals, clubs, or hotels. Free bathing is permitted in some of the less populous sections. The northern lake region includes nearly 10o bodies of water in the woodlands and hills of Morris, Sussex, Passaic, and Warren Counties, with large summer colonies. In addition to Palisades Interstate Park, 1,700 acres held jointly with New York, the State maintains the following 14 parks: Ringwood Manor, Hacklebarney, Voorhees, Swartswood, Washington Crossing, Washington Rock, Parvin, Mount Laurel, Musconetcong, Cranberry, Hopatcong, High Point, Stephens and Cheesequake. There are eight forests operated by the State and most of the State parks and forests have free facilities for picnics; lakes for bathing and boating; well-stocked streams for fishing, subject to State laws; trails for hiking and horseback riding. Parvin and Swartswood offer free supervised swimming. The Appalachian Trail, Maine to Georgia, runs for 2 miles along the Kittatinny Ridge from Delaware Water Gap to High Point Park, the highest section of the State. Various counties have extensive park systems. The South Mountain and Eagle Rock Reservations in Essex County enclose 2,500 acres of natural forest, bridle paths, trails, camp sites, picnic grounds, and drives. The most important Federal reservation is Morristown National Historical Park. Many municipalities have recreational centers and playgrounds with wading and swimming pools and other recreational facilities for adults and children.

General Rules:
Written permit required for fires in a State reservation. Many fireplaces are provided. Smokers should use extreme care; causing a fire in any forest reserve is a misdemeanor. State laws provide penalties for cutting, injury, or removal of trees, shrubs, plants, or flowers by any person without the consent of the owner of the property.

Fishing:
Practically every species of salt-water fish natural to temperate waters of North America is found in the coastal waters. All the larger seashore resorts maintain fishing piers, and powerboats for deep-sea fishing. Surf casting, free on most beaches, is practiced at many spots. Among the choice trout streams are the Musconetcong, Pequest, and South Branch of the Raritan, in the northern section, and Wading River in the southern section. In addition large-mouthed and small-mouthed bass, pickerel, perch, and sunfish are plentiful throughout river and lake waters. The State distributes annually 130,000,000 fish from the Hackettstown hatchery and maintains five public fishing and hunting grounds. License: Resident fishing, $2.10; nonresident, $5.50. Resident hunting and fishing, $3.10; nonresident, $10.50. Note: Hunting and fishing laws are changed frequently; tourists are advised to obtain up-to-date information. Licenses are issued by the State fish and game commission, Trenton, N. J., through agents including city and county clerks and other local officials. Fishing Laws: Game fish are defined as bass, trout, pike, perch, and pickerel. Open Seasons (dates inclusive): Broad, brown, rainbow trout, and salmon, Apr. 15-July 15 and Sept 1-30; bass and crappie, June 15- Nov. 30, except from Delaware River. Pike, pickerel and pike-perch, May 2o-Nov. 30 and Jan. 1-20, except from Delaware River. From Delaware River and Bay tributaries: bass, crappie, pike-perch, pickerel, pike, and trout, June 15-Dec. 1. From Delaware River and tributaries between Trenton Falls and Birch Creek; bass, crappie, pike-perch, pickerel, pike, June 15-Dec. 1; trout, Apr. 15-July 31. Daily Limit: Trout and salmon, 10 (trout 7 in.) ; black and Oswego bass, 20 in all (9 in.) ; rock bass, 20; calico bass and crappie, 20 in all (6 in.). Pike, pickerel, and pike-perch, no daily limit from open water; 10 when fishing through ice (14 in.) ; 10 from Delaware River (12 in.). Trout, 10 (6 in.), from Delaware River, Bay and tributaries.

Prohibited:
Sale or purchase of black or Oswego bass, except for propagating; sale of pike-perch, pike or pickerel caught through the ice; fishing for trout, bass, pike-perch, pike, or pickerel after 9 p.m.

Hunting:
Deer, the largest game in the State, are found chiefly in the State forests set aside for their conservation, but many roam the mountains of the northern counties and the pine forests of the southern plain. The State game farms breed and release yearly about 70,000 head of small game, including rabbits, quail, and partridge. The coastal salt marshes and inlets abound in waterfowl. The northern lakes, rivers, and mountains attract quail, partridge, pheasants, etc. There is some fox hunting in Somerset and Morris Counties, and raccoon hunting with trained dogs in the country southwest of New Brunswick.

License:
Same fee as fishing (see above).

Open Seasons (dates inclusive):
Quail, rabbit, gray hare, black or fox squirrel, male English or ringneck pheasant, ruffed grouse, prairie chicken, wild turkey, Hungarian partridge, Nov. 10 -- Dec. 15. Geese, ducks, coot (crow ducks), and Wilson snipe or jacksnipe, Nov. 26-Dec. 25; sora, clapper, and king rail (marsh hen or mudhen), other rails and gallinules (except coot), Sept. I-Nov. 30. Woodcock, Oct. 15-Nov. 14. Skunk, mink, muskrat, otter (may only be trapped), Nov. 15-Mar. 15. (No open season on wood, ruddy, bufflehead, canvasback, or redhead duck, brant, snow goose, Ross's goose, or swan.) Special State license required for woodcock. Deer (only those having horns at least 3 in. long), Dec. r7-Dec. 21. Raccoon, Nov. 1 -- Dec. 31, excepting deer season. Daily Bag Limits: 10 quail, 6 rabbits, 6 gray squirrels, 3 ruffed grouse, 2 male pheasants (30 in season), 3 Hungarian partridge; ducks (except wood, ruddy, canvasback, redhead and bufflehead), total of 10 of all kinds; geese (except snow goose, Ross's goose, and brant), total of 4 of all kinds; 15 Coot, 15 Wilson's snipe or jacksnipe.

Possession Limits:
One day's bag: sora, 25; other rails and gallinules (except sora and coot), total of 15 of all kinds; woodcock, 4 ; deer, one buck a year ($100 penalty for exceeding limit) ; raccoon, no daily limit, but 15 during season.

Prohibited:
Use of any snare, snood, net, trap, or any device for catching or trapping game birds or game animals; shooting at any game bird or game animal from power boat, airplane, hydroplane, or automobile; use of ferrets or poisons.

Yachting and Boating:
Inlets and bays along the coast are lined with summer yacht clubs. Important events yearly on Navesink, Shrewsbury, and Toms Rivers, Absecon and Barnegat Bays. For motorboats, National Sweepstakes Regatta yearly at Red Bank on the Navesink, others on the Passaic. Speedboat races every summer at Hopatcong and other northern lakes, and on Raritan, Manasquan, and other rivers and bays. Canoeing on many rivers and lakes.

Golf:
There are more than 100 golf courses in the State owned by private, semiprivate, and public clubs. The best known course is Baltusrol, at Springfield, scene of many major tournaments.

Tennis:
Many municipalities provide public tennis courts, and county parks have increased tennis facilities in recent years. The Seabright Lawn Tennis Cricket Club and the Orange Lawn Tennis Club hold annual championship matches.

Other Games and Sports:
Important intercollegiate football matches are held at Princeton and Rutgers. Other colleges, and high schools and private preparatory schools have scheduled games; Newark, Paterson, and Trenton have professional teams. Baseball is played informally on sand-lots all over the State. Most high schools and colleges have teams, and Newark, Jersey City, and Trenton have professional teams. Outdoor polo is played at Rumson and Burnt Mills. There is bicycle racing at Nutley; automobile racing at Woodbridge; boxing and wrestling in Newark, Jersey City, and many other centers.

Winter Sports:
An Erie R.R. snow train runs to High Point Park, where there are miles of ski trails and a recently completed ski jump. There are other ski jumps in county parks, closer to urban centers. All natural lakes and those in parks are used for ice skating. Tobogganing and snowshoeing are popular in many State and county parks. The North Branch of Shrewsbury River at Red, Bank has been an iceboating center for 50 years. Lakewood, Morristown, and Atlantic City have ice carnivals, and Elizabeth has dog-sled races. Indoor sports include polo at Newark, East Orange, Westfield, Red Bank, and Trenton; ice hockey in the new municipal stadium at Atlantic City; track meets and basketball in armories and halls throughout the State.

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New Jersey: The American Guide Series
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